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Oct 9, 2012 11:00am PDT
were using it to express all of these other things. they wanted to anchor their history, their kings and their wars and records of these things in cosmology. so this image of the stargazing maya, the priest astronomers obsessed with time, this is a bit of a false image. (narrator) in 1946, the photographer giles healey went to chiapas to make a film about the lacandon indians. they led him to a group of temples perched atop ruined pyramids at bonampak. the interior of the largest building on the site was sheathed in wall paintings that shattered the peaceful image of the maya. (mary miller) when they came to light in forties, at that moment, everyone had thought that, "oh, the maya had lived in a time of peace. they were people of enormous decorum and personal reserve." and suddenly, when these paintings emerged on the scene and you could see that they were, in some ways, intimate portraits of life at court... but most of all that there was warfare. (narrator) in 1952, a second discovery, this time at palenque, further changed modern conceptions of the maya. mexican archaeologist ber
Oct 11, 2012 11:00am PDT
. laos produces far more electricity than it can use. the surplus, approximately 80% of the power generated, is sold to thailand at a profit. the dream is on a grand scale: laos emerging to the world on an electricity-led boom. inthavong: narrator: the hydroelectric business could make enough money but laos can't payveme for construction stanrdr of the dams and generators. traditionally, around the world, dam construction took the form of massive public projects-- grand symbols of national development, like egypt's aswan dam. but laos is following a new model-- privatization. woman: globally, there's a trend towards privatization of water resources, and in laos this is taking the form of hydroelectric power generation. not only is laos able to export electricity in and therefore earn hard currency-- which is necessary for it to be involved in the global economy-- but also, since the government of laos doesn't have the resources necessarily to develop large-scale hydropower electric dams, the... it's being increasingly carried out by private corporations. narrator: this private dev
Oct 2, 2012 11:00am PDT
. (narrator) color carried special significance in ancient egyptian funeral rituals-- the red granite used in this sarcophagus was also associated with the sun... black stone, the color of the fertile soil of the nile valley, carried with it associations of resurrection and rebirth, and often referred to eternal life. fully prepared and adorned, the mummies were then placed in coffins. they were made from precious metals orved d oo. s hous the deceased and provided another vessel fotheir spirit. they were inscribed with images of deities-- another layer of protection to ensure safe passage into the netherworld. the mummy was now prepared for its westward journey across the nile. judging by the scenes of funeral processions in the tomb of the noble ramose, the bereaved dealt with the expression of grief much as we do today... but there was a major difference... egyptians bearing offerings-- food, wine, clothing, furniture-- joined the funeral procession. representations of these provisions weren't just pictures... egyptians believed what they depicted would come into being. i think it's imp
Oct 25, 2012 11:00am PDT
which jesus died for us and rose again from the dead. this is the beauty, but also the paradox and sometimes the tragedy of jerusalem: one city; two people; three religions. it could thus be a wonderful sign of oneness for which the whole world strives, a situation of peace or a sign of opposition. narrator: as a place of religious significance, jerusalem has few equals. but the conflict here is more about nationalism than religion. the modern story begins with upheaval not here, but in europe. in the 1930s, a growing number of zionist jews immigrated to palestine in search of a homeland safe from nazi and other persecution. they dreamed of a jewish state. but the lestin wanted their own state, too. after world war ii, the united nations proposed dividing palestine into a jewish state with slightly more than half the land, and a palestinian state with 45%. jerusalem and bethlehem were to have special status under united nations jurisdiction. in 1948, the pace quickened. at midnight on may 14, the british withdrew. so that was the end of the british mandate. upon their withdrawal, i
Oct 4, 2012 11:00am PDT
is spread over the surface of the field to hold in moisture. stone fields can be used for about eight years. constant upkeep is necessary, however. this plot is two years old. the farmers are adding fertilizer. if the soil becomes mixed with the stones, the efficiency of a stone field decreases, so stones must be carefully swept aside. the next step is to dign cow manure. finally the stones will be spread back. melons will be grown here for the modern city nearby. lanzhou is home to 2.6 million people. its historical geography holds clues to the future of western china. today lanzhou is the second-largest city in china's northwest and the capital of gansu province. sowhis this city here? its growth is largelthe result of 20th-centurycentral. buwhat ipired e communists its to develop lanzhou? result imagine the chalngefor mal trying to link core areas in t east with the western frontier provinces. vast areas of deserts, high plateaus and mountains block many routes to the west. rivers like the huang he were one means of transport, but they were not navigable in many places. they were a
Oct 18, 2012 11:00am PDT
facilities that allow us to bring things in and take things out very quickly and very efficiently. narrator: singapore has the largest container-handling seaport in the world-- number one in sheer tonnage moved and second only to hong kong in container traffic. singapore's location on the stit of malacca puts it on one of the most important transport routes in the world. woman: singapore sits right at the tip of the peninsula of malaysia. it's kind of in between the south china sea as well as the indian ocean. a lot of ships that want to go from the pacific ocean to the indian ocean, they all have to come down through singapore and then cross over the other... to the other side. in that sense, its location is favorable. but it also has a natural harbor with nice deep water, and that has facilitated its port activities. narrator: the port is closely integrated with singapore's changi airport, asia's second-busiest. here, freight is exchanged between air and sea. but for such a busy place, singapore is quite small-- just about 400 square miles, only about a quarter the size of rhode
Oct 3, 2012 11:00am PDT
you have the right to remain silent. you have the right to be heard. anything you say can be used against you... what you say will be listened to with dignity and respect. you have the right to information and assistance. [ cell door closes ] justice isn't served until crime victims are.
Oct 16, 2012 11:00am PDT
from volcanic rock without metal tools, using hammers and chisels ma ostone. they transported massive blocks of basalt, weighing up to 2tons, across miles of teory thout benefit of the wel. they built the first pyramid in the americas, rising 100 feet an of rehan the half millionubic ft d-pa e they fased delicate, and often deeply expressive, works of art in ceramic, serpentine and jade. the result was the most sophisticated artistic style yet created in the americas. the style developed throughoutesoamerica, which extends from central meco to present-day costa rica. the most striking olmec achievements have been found in southern mexico, at sites such san loren, la venta, tres zapotes near the gulf coast, and tlatilco and chalcatzingo in the highlands. in the 18th and 19th centuries, finely carved jades from mesoamerica began to appear in museums and private collections. no one knew what to make of them. some were labeled chinese, others maya or aztec. in 1862, farmer's discovery of a he stone head at tres zapotes triggered speculation that it had be carved by africans who had immigr
Search Results 0 to 7 of about 8